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 Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance

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عدد الرسائل : 2061
العمر : 34
Localisation : المملكة العربية السعودية
تاريخ التسجيل : 11/05/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance   الأربعاء 23 يناير - 7:15

Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance
Qazi Irfan, Islamabad – Pakistan
author@hazariba.com
December 17, 2006
At times the widespread illusory viewpoint of a doctrine compels
other system of belief to be misinterpreted or misunderstood. Many
subjects and issues related to emerging Islamic Banking & Finance
(IBF) sector are seen frequently from the perspective and essentials
of conventional banking and finance (CBF). The shadows of CBF
are not allowing a true picture of IBF to come into view. To
introduce and promulgate a differentiating line of clarity on each
such stance is due on the part of IBF players and promoters.
It is more than just comprehensions, the dynamics and aftermaths
of conventional system have also created a difficult situation for IBF
to deal with, while adhering to its own essential tenets. The prime
and complex dilemma in this regard is the value matter of money.
Here is just a small effort to encompass and highlight this particular
topic; the issue is very genuine from the IBF point of view.
In addition to the well known three functions of money, i.e., the
“unit of account”, the “medium of exchange”, and “store of value”;
an extra bizarre function is now almost associated with money, and
that is – its “regular depreciation”. This added feature is regular
mainly because of Riba (interest, usury), while the depreciation factor
may include other occasional element(s) beside Riba. For instance
any one or a mix of following may be a partial cause of depreciation;
i.e., creation & supply of money, natural inflation, taxation, official
devaluation of currencies, and market forces maneuvering with
different currencies etc.
One fixation is certain - “regular depreciation” of money
has a must source, i.e., Riba (interest, usury).
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://islamfin.go-forum.net
مدير المنتدى
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عدد الرسائل : 2061
العمر : 34
Localisation : المملكة العربية السعودية
تاريخ التسجيل : 11/05/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance   الأربعاء 23 يناير - 7:16

The long recognized sense of money has been corrupted with this
additional feature, which is severely upsetting IBF modus operandi
because of the different code of practice they observe than CBF.
Although, the two doctrines are quite different on the basis of belief
and rules of business but money is commonly handled by both – the
conventional banking and finance as well as Islamic operations. It is
like two teams playing a game with one ball in same ground with
two different sets of rules. One can imagine what kind of hullabaloo
and confusion will be there in the playground. Please don’t suggest,
they could neither have two separate grounds nor two own balls of
different colours (~kingdoms of economy nor different monies).
Anyway, coming to the point again let us discuss the value matter of
money as perceived differently from conventional and Islamic rules
of business.
Conventional Rules of Business
1) Money transactions are based on Riba (interest, usury).
The factor of Riba (interest, usury) then produces inflation that is a CBF
measure of the loss in money value or depreciation in money. Although
inflation is a vague measure but is roughly enough to take into account
for onward money computations from the CBF point of view.
2) Loss of Value Adjustments.
As the money used in previous transaction has lost some of its value
hence to make the new transaction feasible (profitable), naturally it is
required to consider the previous loss factor. Therefore it is expected to
see various factors or components in a resulting money transaction in
lieu of risk, adjustment, yield etc. For that reason, the driving CBF tool
of Interest has given birth to new divisible branches of Interest known
as “nominal interest”, “real interest”, and “effective interest” etc. The
conventional system has no problem in developing any kind of formula
or a mechanism supporting their operations that revolves around
Interest, counts risk and serves the purpose of profitability.
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://islamfin.go-forum.net
مدير المنتدى
Admin


عدد الرسائل : 2061
العمر : 34
Localisation : المملكة العربية السعودية
تاريخ التسجيل : 11/05/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance   الأربعاء 23 يناير - 7:16

The money is corrupted by CBF
Corruption is adjusted by factors in Interest
(Interest corrupts money and adjusts value)
Therefore,
No cries against “depreciated money”
There is no issue of “how to compensate the loss of value”
Islamic Rules of Business
1) Money transactions are not based on Riba (interest, usury).
Therefore, a transaction conducted by IBF has no role or contribution
in the depreciation of money. Still, the money is devalued by the act of
CBF transaction involving Riba (interest, usury). The size of IBF part is
so small as well (as compared to CBF) that it can neither dilute the loss
of value in money.
2) Adjustment and Value Matter of Money
The money used in an IBF transaction does not carry the same value
when returned to its owner after completing the transaction cycle for
the same reason as mentioned here before. It is very natural to demand
some adjustment mechanism for this loss of value in money. There is
no such method available right now.
The unavailability of the “value adjustment method” in IBF is making a
room for the considerations to use the same mechanics as used by CBF
and that is the tool of Interest (where its branches are not different).
This is a definite matter of concern from the Islamic point of view as to
what does it mean? Is it so simple? What could be its implications? Is it
conforming to Islamic tenets? Let us further draw a picture to clarify
this consideration as below:
1) IBF does not deal in Interest in the first instance while CBF does.
2) The requirement of “value adjustment” will force IBF to incorporate or use
Interest (in any of its form) from the second and subsequent occurrences.
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://islamfin.go-forum.net
مدير المنتدى
Admin


عدد الرسائل : 2061
العمر : 34
Localisation : المملكة العربية السعودية
تاريخ التسجيل : 11/05/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance   الأربعاء 23 يناير - 7:17

3) This Interest will behave exactly in similar manner as it will behave in the
first place, although it will provide a compensation for the loss of value in
money but will be responsible as well for the further creation of Inflation,
the devaluation of money, and scarcity of money subsequently.
4) The first occurrence is once only, the rest are same as the Interest based
transactions, the only difference is that - here Interest is not used for profit
making but for the compensation.
5) If it is the only consideration to compensate the money owner for the loss
of value in his money at return, then it is achieved, but what about the
moral fiber and effects of Interest that this act of compensation will make.
6) If it is argued that no “profit” is made with this Interest, only compensation
was the motive, therefore it shall be justified. It will translate into a sense
that the use of Interest “not for making profits” is justified.
7) Making profit is not prohibited from Islamic point of view, but it is rather
prohibited with the use of Interest. Thus, why the compensation with the
use of Interest shall be considered justified?
Cool In order to just compensate the loss of value in money of the owner; will it
be logical to say that what is prohibited is Riba not the kind of Interest that
is used for the compensation? The rationale for not classifying this kind of
Interest as Riba is the “value compensation” and not the scope of Interest
itself.
9) The loss of value in money is a result of Interest predominantly understood
and classified as Riba (interest, usury) which is prohibited. How a branch of
Interest (only created for the convenience of accounting), not having
different character than its head can be taken out of the prohibition?
0) I am not denying the right of demanding for the compensation of the loss of
value in money, but the Interest based solution to accomplish this.
The dilemma
The money is not corrupted by IBF, but it is.
IBF have no mechanism to adjust the loss of value in money
Therefore,
Serious issue of “how to compensate the loss of value”
The matter is unresolved.
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://islamfin.go-forum.net
مدير المنتدى
Admin


عدد الرسائل : 2061
العمر : 34
Localisation : المملكة العربية السعودية
تاريخ التسجيل : 11/05/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance   الأربعاء 23 يناير - 7:18

3) What is Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance?
The money handling by IBF is not causing the loss of value in itself
where as the way money is handled by CBF causes its devaluation. The
doctrine followed by IBF does not allow the use of Interest as a tool to
compensate for this loss of value in money, whereas it is very easy for
CBF to compensate using the same tool. IBF does not corrupt money
but face it without having a solution; the outcome of CBF operations is
seriously affecting the breathing of IBF – this is unfair.
Is there any possible solution for this dilemma?
As usual the practice to look towards CBF for a problem-in-hand,
will not work here and no solution can be obtained conforming to
the belief followed by IBF, if any such effort to use the conventional
method in solving this problem is made, there will be very serious
negative impacts of the same on the existence of IBF, for instance:
· There is no real solution with CBF to solve this problem
while upholding the IBF system of belief; therefore IBF will
be addicted to illusions and imitations.
· The act of allowing or using a form of Interest as legal in IBF
transactions will consequently prove to be the opening of
door for any kind of Interest. IBF and CBF will be same then.
· IBF industry has not been very successful in convincing the
masses for what exactly is the difference in IBF and CBF
handling of money. There is a serious image problem, any
such attempt will not even destroy what is achieved so far
thru image building efforts but will ruin the future as well.
There are solutions possible for this dilemma, but that is a subject
for another time.
***
Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance
Authored by Qazi Irfan, Islamabad – Pakistan (Dec 17, 2006)
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://islamfin.go-forum.net
 
Unfair to Islamic Banking & Finance
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