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 islamic bonds (sukuk) :its introduction and application

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عدد الرسائل : 2822
تاريخ التسجيل : 23/12/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: islamic bonds (sukuk) :its introduction and application   الخميس 27 مارس - 0:44

islamic bonds(sukuk) :its introduction and application


زاهره بني عامر

Recent innovations in Islamic finance have changed the dynamics of the Islamic finance industry. Specially in the area of bonds and securities the use of Sukuk or Islamic securities have become increasingly popular in the last few years, both as a means of raising government finance through sovereign issues, and as a way of companies obtaining funding through the offer of corporate sukuk. Beginning modestly in 2000 with total three sukuk worth $336 millions the total number sukuk by the end of 2006 has reached to 77 with over US$ 27 billion funds under management. By the end of 2007 the total figure is expected to exceed US$35 billion.


Sukuk has developed as one of the most significant mechanisms for raising finance in the international capital markets through Islamically acceptable structures. Multinational corporations, sovereign bodies, state corporations and financial institutions use international sukuk issuance as an alternative to syndicated financing.


What are sukuk? how are they structured? and how they are different from the conventional bond and the conventional securitization processes is discussed in this paper in some detail.


What is Sukuk
Sukuk in general may be understood as a shariah compliant ‘Bond’. In its simplest form sukuk represents ownership of an asset or its usufruct. The claim embodied in sukuk is not simply a claim to cash flow but an ownership claim. This also differentiates sukuk from conventional bonds as the latter proceed over interest bearing securities, whereas sukuk are basically investment certificates consisting of ownership claims in a pool of assets.


Sukuk (plural of word sak) were extensively used by Muslims in the Middle Ages as papers representing financial obligations originating from trade and other commercial activities. However, the present structure of sukuk are different from the sukuk originally used and are akin to the conventional concept of securitization, a process in which ownership of the underlying assets is transferred to a large number of investors through certificates representing proportionate value of the relevant assets.


Sukuk and Bond
A bond is a contractual debt obligation whereby the issuer is contractually obliged to pay to bondholders, on certain specified dates, interest and principal, whereas, the sukuk holders claims an undivided beneficial ownership in the underlying assets. Consequently, sukuk holders are entitled to share in the revenues generated by the sukuk assets as well as being entitled to share in the proceeds of the realization of the sukuk assets.

A distinguishing feature of a sukuk is that in instances where the certificate represents a debt to the holder, the certificate will not be tradable on the secondary market and instead is held until maturity or sold at par.

Accounting and Auditing Organisation for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) defines sukuk as being:



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عدد الرسائل : 2822
تاريخ التسجيل : 23/12/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: islamic bonds (sukuk) :its introduction and application   الخميس 27 مارس - 0:44

Certificates of equal value representing after closing subscription, receipt of the value of the certificates and putting it to use as planned, common title to shares and rights in tangible assets, usufructs and services, or equity of a given project or equity of a special investment activity”.




Benefits and Features
Tradable shariah-compliant capital market product providing medium to long-term fixed or variable rates of return. Assessed and rated by international rating agencies, which investors use as a guideline to assess risk/return parameters of a sukuk issue.


Regular periodic income streams during the investment period with easy and efficient settlement and a possibility of capital appreciation of the sukuk.

Liquid instruments, tradable in secondary market
http://www.financeinislam.com/article/8/1/546
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http://www.shbab1.com/2minutes.htm
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://islamfin.go-forum.net/forum.htm
 
islamic bonds (sukuk) :its introduction and application
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